The guiding principle in constructing the CVPM examination is job relevance – the content of the test is linked through systematic means to a well-defined representation of the profession. A content validity approach to test construction is used. The first step in the process is the practice analysis, which defines the relevant performance dimensions of the occupation. The VHMA regularly conducts practice analysis studies to identify the specific responsibilities required of veterinary practice management professionals and the skills and knowledge needed to perform these responsibilities (get the current CVPM Job Task Analysis Outline from the CVPM main page under Documents and Resources page). The test blueprint is developed from the practice analysis and forms the template for the examination (get the current CVPM Test Blueprint from the CVPM main page under Documents and Resources page). Next, item writers are selected and trained. Item writers produce items following the guidelines and content assignments specified by training and the test blueprint. The items are then submitted for review by the CVPM Board and a test development consultant. Items are approved, rejected, or modified by the review committee. Accepted items are entered into the item database. Items are then selected for the examination by the test consultant according to the specifications of the test blueprint. The draft examination is reviewed by members of the CVPM Board and modifications made if necessary. The final, approved examination is then administered. Statistical analyses are conducted on each examination to determine the reliability and psychometric properties of the exam.
The examination is composed of true-false and multiple-choice questions about relevant management knowledge in Human Resources, Law and Ethics, Marketing, Organization of the Practice and Finance. The majority of the questions are traditional knowledge-based multiple-choice questions; some will be scenario-based multiple-choice questions. For the scenario-based questions, the question stem will contain a scene or setting along with several possible behavioral responses to the situation.
There may be up to 200 multiple-choice questions on the examination you will take. Each test will have a maximum of 200 points available, depending on the questions selected for your test form you may have less than 200 questions as some questions will be worth more than one (1) point each (scenario-based multiple-choice questions may be worth up to two (2) points each). Candidates are given three and one-half (3 1/2) hours to complete the examination.
The passing standard is a predetermined standard of knowledge set by a criterion-referenced methodology. Using this methodology there is no curve, and candidates do not compete against each other. There is no limit on the number of candidates who may pass or fail the test.
At the conclusion of the examination process candidates will be provided with immediate notice of their score and status. The results will be displayed indicating pass or fail. A diagnostic report for each of the domain areas will also be provided. The diagnostic report will identify how many points were available per domain and how many points the candidate received per domain. A copy of this detail will also be emailed to the candidate immediately following the examination. We do not share specific test items or tell candidates which questions specifically they scored incorrectly on.
If at any time your examination is interrupted during the testing process please know that your data is not lost - the test platform redundantly saves your answers and location in the process throughout the testing period. If you are able to re-access the examination while you remain at the test center and no security breach is made, you will be allowed to continue the test form you started. If for any reason you leave the test center, upon your return you will be required to start the examination process over with a new test form. Please be assured that the test center proctors will be available to assist throughout the process.
The electronic examination is administered through High-stake Online Secure Testing (HOST) Locations throughout North America.